Liu Xiaobo in the cage", relief sculpture, created in 2017. In the work, Liu Xiaobo's head is located in the center of the sculpture, with the Nobel Prize medal on the left side of the head and an empty chair on the right side, which is a true representation of the 2010 Nobel Peace Prize award ceremony. The committee used the empty chair to represent Liu Xiaobo, who was in prison and unable to attend the award ceremony. At the outermost part of the sculpture are 12 iron bars surrounded by a circle of barbed wire. Chen Weiming uses his art to represent Liu Xiaobo "as a symbol of democracy and freedom in China.
Liu Xiaobo (1955.12.28-2017.7.13) was a native of Changchun, Jilin Province, China. He is a writer, social activist, literary critic, human rights activist, one of the main drafters of Charter 08, and the 2010 Nobel Peace Prize laureate. He graduated from the Chinese Department of Jilin University, received a Master's Degree from Beijing Normal University, and a PhD in Literature. He was a lecturer at the Chinese Department of Beijing Normal University, the second and third president of the Independent Chinese PEN Association, and the editor-in-chief of the webzine Democratic China, before being arrested and imprisoned for his involvement in the June Fourth Incident. He was arrested and imprisoned for his involvement in the June Fourth Incident, and has been arrested and sentenced several times for his life's work in advocating political reforms and participating in campaigns aimed at ending the one-party dictatorship of the Communist Party of China (CPC).
In 2008, Liu Xiaobo initiated the drafting of Charter 08 and signed it together with more than 300 Chinese people from all walks of life. The Charter was published on December 10, 2008, World Human Rights Day, the 60th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Written in the style of the Charter of July 7 of Czechoslovakia, Charter 08 mainly calls for freedom of speech, human rights and free elections.
On June 23, 2009, Liu Xiaobo was sentenced to 11 years' imprisonment and two years' deprivation of political rights on suspicion of "inciting subversion of state power".
In 2010, Liu Xiaobo was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize by the Norwegian Nobel Peace Prize Committee, making him the second citizen of the People's Republic of China, after the 14th Dalai Lama, to receive the prize, and only the second person after Carl von Ossietzky of Nazi Germany (1935) to receive the Nobel Prize while serving a prison sentence. Liu Xiaobo is also the only Nobel laureate in the history of the Nobel Prize who failed to regain his personal freedom from the time of his award to his death.In June 2017, Liu Xiaobo was granted medical parole in isolation due to advanced liver cancer, and died on July 13 at the age of 61 after failing to be rescued. His body was cremated on July 15, and his ashes were dispersed into the sea at noon on the same day.
His major works include: Aesthetics and Human Freedom, Critique of Choice - A Dialogue with Thought Leader Li Zehou, The Mist of Metaphysics, The Riddle of Thought and the Dream of Mankind, Contemporary Chinese Politics and Chinese Intellectuals, Critique of the Intellectuals of Modern China, Selected Poems of Liu Xiaobo Liu Xia, A Nation That Lies to Its Conscience, The Future of a Free China in the Civil Society, and The Future of a Free China in the Civil Society. , The Future of Free China is in the Folk, Single-Edged Poisoned Arrow: A Critique of Contemporary Chinese Nationalism, A Great Power Sinking - A Memorandum to China, From the Tiananmen Incident to Charter 08, and others.
Awards and honors: 1990 and 1996, Human Rights Watch Heilmann Human Rights Award; 2003, seventeenth Outstanding Democrat Award, China Democracy Education Foundation, U.S.A. On December 21, 2004, he was honored with the "Outstanding Democrat Award," a prestigious award by Reporters Without Borders and the Fondation Française pour la Défense des Droits de l'Homme (FFDH). 2004 "Prize for the Defense of Freedom of Expression", awarded by Reporters Without Borders and the Fondation de France. 2004, Merit Award, 9th Hong Kong Human Rights Press Awards. 2005, Grand Prize, 10th Hong Kong Human Rights Press Awards. 2006, Merit Award, 11th Hong Kong Human Rights Press Awards. 2007, Merit Award, Hong Kong Human Rights News Awards. Courage of Conscience Award, Asia Pacific Human Rights Foundation, August 2007; Courage of Conscience Award, People in Need, Czech relief organization, March 2009 "Homo Homini Human Rights Award, Czech Republic, March 2009; Barbara Goldsmith Freedom to Write Award, PEN America, April 2009; Human Rights Watch, October 4, 2010; and the Alison Day Award, Human Rights Watch, October 4, 2010, for her work in the field of human rights. "October 4, 2010, Human Rights Watch Alison Daisy Fuchs Award for Extraordinary Campaigning. October 7, 2010, German PEN Hermann Kersten Award. October 8, 2010, Nobel Peace Prize. In May 2014, together with Xu Zhiyong, Liu Xiaobo was awarded the 2014 Democracy Prize by the National Endowment for Democracy, a U.S. non-governmental organization.
Although Liu Xiaobo is imprisoned in a cage, the light of freedom shines in his eyes, and his smile symbolizes that democracy and freedom will one day come to China. Chen said the idea for the statue was proposed by dissident writer Hu Ping, and that construction began two weeks before Liu Xiaobo's death and took four to five months to complete. Liu Xiaobo's ashes were arranged to be scattered into the sea after his death, and "could not be buried on Chinese soil." Chen Weiming hopes that this work will give Liu Xiaobo a place in the Freedom Sculpture Park, and that his ideas and spirit will be carried forward in the park, and that "even though he has passed away, he is still alive in our hearts! ".